A total knee replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial material. During a total knee replacement, the end of the femur bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell and the end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a plastic piece with a metal stem.
Considering Total Knee Replacement:
Patients with damaged knee joint either due to Trauma, Osteoarthritis or any other cause should consider knee replacement to get rid of the pain and diminishing daily function in order to maintain the quality of life. In short it could be said that Total Knee Replacement Surgery is one of the solutions for osteoarthritis.
Risks involved in Total Knee Replacement:
There are no specific risks of the procedure besides the usual complications associated with anaesthesia and any other general surgery like shortness of breath, pulmonary embolism, nausea vomiting, shock etc. Besides there can be occasional bleeding in the knee joint and or injury to blood vessels and nerves etc. These days Total Knee Replacement in India are preferred by lot of overseas patient because of cost as well as shorter hospitalization and quick recovery. Patient is generally made to walk next day after the knee replacement surgery in India.
The knee joint and the joints adjacent to it will be evaluated. There will be several blood tests to assess the state of liver kidneys. ECG and X ray chest will be taken for ensuring a sound heart and lungs.
In India patient is made to walk next day after the knee replacement surgery. After the knee replacement surgery the physiotherapy regime starts in 48 hrs. The therapist will help the patient in walking and reinstating the movement of the knee. The knee will be in an immobiliser which will be removed after the doctor deems it fit to be done. Patients will start walking using a walker and crutches after the knee replacement surgery. Eventually, patients will learn to walk up and down stairs and grades. A number of home exercises are given to strengthen thigh and calf muscles.
In India it is generally advised that the patients continue in an outpatient physical-therapy program along with home exercises for optimal outcome of total knee replacement surgery. Exercising and maintaining mobility will help prevent the scarring of the replaced joint and improve muscle strength around the joint.
You will be allowed to do certain exercises. Only those are preferred which does not exert unnecessary pressure like swimming.
The patient should never forget to inform any future doctor or dentist about having an artificial joint. any invasive procedure is a potent source of infection to the joint.