Otolaryngology is the area of medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) region. The specialty is often treated as a unit with surgery of the head and neck (otolaryngology–head and neck surgery, or OHNS). Doctors who specialize in this area are called otorhinolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, ENT doctors, ENT surgeons, or head and neck surgeons.
Patients seek treatment from an otorhinolaryngologist for diseases of the ear, nose, throat, or base of the skull, and for the surgical management of cancers and benign tumors of the head and neck. Such surgeries are often utilized in the treatment of traumatic injuries, congenital deformities and disease processes.
Nose surgery is commonly performed in the treatment of sinus problems. Ear surgery is commonly performed to treat or correct hearing loss while throat surgery treats all types of diseases or malfunctions of the throat or larynx including cancer, the tonsils and the adenoids.
Benefits of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgical Procedures
An ear, nose or throat surgical procedure may help to correct congenital, birth defects, or deformities as well as treat conditions such as cancer. Individuals diagnosed with sinus problems, hearing problems, or swallowing problems may benefit from a variety of surgical procedures in the face or neck area.
Some of the most common surgical procedures in the throat include:
GERD (gastro-esophageal reflux disease)
Laryngeal cancer (such as radial neck dissection)
Common surgical procedures of the nose include treatment for:
Cleft lip/deviated septum (septoplasty)
Chronic nasal obstruction
Common surgical procedures and treatment of hearing loss include:
Ear tube placement
Stapedectomy (removal of a portion or all of the stapes bone of the middle ear)
Tympanoplasty (ear drum reconstruction)
Treatment for tinnitus
Treatments for otitis media
Myringotomy (ear tube insertion for drainage with chronic ear infection)
Treatment for hearing loss requiring hearing aids
In addition, any ear, nose or throat surgeon or specialist may engage in subspecialties including neurology, facial cosmetic or reconstructive surgery, rhinology or sinus (nose and nasal), pediatrics, laryngology, and otology or hearing loss.
These subspecialties enable surgeons to determine the causes of and treat additional conditions including:
Dizziness or vertigo
Damage caused by smoking
Cost of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgical Procedures
In the 1st world countries like USA or UK, the cost of ear, nose or throat surgical procedures will depend on a number of factors including whether the surgical procedure is an inpatient or outpatient surgery, geographical location, the surgeon involved, and medical insurance coverage. For an example, a cochlear implant may average around $60,000 in USA, with ear tube insertion averaging about $50,000. Treatment of throat cancer or cancers of the nose, mouth or ear may average around $45,000 while a laryngectomy may cost about $50,000. An operation to the thyroid averages around $30,000 while radical neck dissection for cancer treatment may average roughly $55,000.
Medical patients traveling to India can easily save thousands of dollars on the same surgical procedure. Cost savings don't reflect a lack of training, experience, technology or state-of-the-art facilities, rather Hospitals in India are well matched or at par with their competitors in any of 1st world country.